Cancer uproots when the body cells start to grow out of control. In a human body, cells in almost every part of the body can turn into cancer. This can also spread through the body over time if not treated properly during the initial stages of development. Unlike several other cancer types and diseases, the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer are not that easy to detect. This cancer uproots in the ovaries that are the reproductive glands present only in females.
Ovaries are responsible for producing eggs or ova for the reproduction process. An ovary is present on the each side of the female uterus in the pelvis. The eggs travel through the fallopian tubes towards the uterus. This is where the fertilized egg is transplanted and it develops into a fetus. Another function of ovaries is to serve as a source of female hormones called as estrogen and progesterone.
Basically, ovaries are made up of three types of cells. Each type of these cells can develop into different sort of tumor such as:
- Epithelial tumors begin from the cells covering the outermost surface of the ovaries. Most of the ovarian tumors are epithelial tumors only. These tumors do not spread or cause any sort of serious illness. There are several kinds of epithelial tumors such as Mucinous Cystadenomas, Brenner Tumors and Serous Cystadenomas.
- Germ cell tumors begin from the cells responsible for producing eggs or ova in the ovaries. This tumor can also be from the sperm found in males. Though most of the germ cell tumors are tolerable, some can be life threatening and difficult to handle too. There are several types of germ cell tumors that can be classified as Teratomas, Dysgerminomas, Choriocarcinomas and Endodermal Sinus Tumors.
- Stromal tumors begin from the structural tissue responsible for holding the ovary together. It also produces female hormones know as estrogen and progesterone. This tumor has a very rare chance of occurrence. The most common symptom of Stromal tumors is abnormal vaginal bleeding. The bleeding due to this tumor can start even after menopause and before puberty in girls.
Most of the above-mentioned tumors are gentle and do not spread beyond ovaries. Though ovarian cancer does not show any particular signs during the initial stages, the following complaints have been experienced by the women suffering from ovarian cancer:
Signs and Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer
- Pain and pressure in the abdominal and pelvis
- Gastrointestinal problems such as a change in the bowel habits, bloating, nausea, indigestion and fluid in the abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Cancer related fatigue
- Lumps in the abdomen or abdominal fullness
- Weight loss
- An increase in urination and urge to urinate frequently
- Heartburn and constipation
- Menstrual abnormalities
- Painful intercourse
- Back pain
As you can see, most of these early warning signs of ovarian cancer are quite common to the life of a female. In other words, a woman must have experienced these issues once in a while. These issues are often treated with normal remedies and self-care medicines at home only.
Risk Factors For Ovarian Cancer
Risk factors can be defined as the triggers that can lead to the development of cancer. They are the factors that increase the chance of getting cancer in human body. Different types of cancers have varied types of risk factors. However, in the case of ovarian cancer, it can be:
- Age-Most of the ovarian cancer cases are found in women after menopause. Hence, the chances of developing this cancer are more as women age
- Obesity-Reports have shown that there is a direct relationship between BMI and the chances of getting ovarian cancer
- Reproductive history
- Gynecologic history
- Birth control, etc
It can be said that if these minimal symptoms do not occur due to any recognizable reason, it is better to consult a doctor immediately as they could be the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer.